Solar PV Systems Essentials


This course is intended for people with some basic knowledge of Electricity.


The aim of this course is to provide a good understanding of an off-grid (SAPV) and on-grid (GCPV) Solar Photovoltaic system which is used as renewable energy throughout the world. This course will help one to identify what are the basic components required to form a Solar PV system. At the end of this course, the participants will be able to:

• Have better understanding on Off-Grid and On-Grid PV systems 

• Develop basic idea on designing simple Off-Grid and On-Grid PV system 

• Have basic idea on fundamentals of solar irradiation and solar insolation 

• Able to differentiate various kind of solar cell technologies.


Structured Activities - Simulation and Demonstration 
For each of the topic covered, the students are first taught the basic concepts. The principle of operation and its practical implementation are then covered.


Day 1

1. Basics of Electricity
1.1. Explanation of Basic Ohm's Law and Power Terminology: Resistance, Voltage, Amperes and Power
1.2. DC System
1.3. AC System
1.4. Comparison between AC and DC systems 

2. Photovoltaic’s Terminology & Connections
2.1. Photoelectric Effect
2.2. Solar cell circuit model
2.3. Characteristic curve: I-V curve, power curve and fill factor
2.4. Cells, modules & Arrays 2.5. STC (standard test condition)
2.6. NOCT (normal operating cell temperature)
2.7. Module efficiencies and Temperature Coefficient of Voc/Isc
2.8. Series or parallel connections 

3. DC Solar Charge Controllers
3.1. PWM (pulse width modulation) Chargers
3.2. MPPT (maximum power point tracking) Chargers 

4. DC to AC Solar Inverters
4.1. Off-Grid Type
4.2. On-Grid Type

5. Battery Storage
5.1. Comparison of Lead Acid versus Lithium Polymer batteries
5.2. DC12V, DC24V, DC36V, & DC48V
5.3. Series / Parallel connections
5.4. Battery Sizing. 

6. DC circuit breakers
6.1. Isolator Switches
6.2. MCB (main circuit breakers)
6.3. CP (circuit protectors)
6.4. Surge Protective Device (SPD)

Day 2

7. Combiner Box and Cables 

8. Structures
8.1. Ground-mounted
8.2. Flat Roof
8.3. Pitched Roof (BAPV)
8.4. Building Integrated PV 

9. Basics of Solar Energy
9.1. Properties of Solar Radiation
9.2. Solar Irradiation and Solar Insolation
9.3. Solar Irradiation Map
9.4. Sun’s Position and Trajectory
9.5. Sun Path Chart
9.6. Radiation on Tilted Surfaces
9.7. Sun Tracking and Solar Trackers
9.8. What direction to place the PV panels 

10. Solar Cell Technologies
10.1. C-Si solar cell and module production process
10.2. Thin film PV: CdTe, CIGS, a-Si, Dye-sensitized, OPV,
10.3. Multi-junction, III-V junction PV and CPV 

11. Solar Array Design
11.1. Parallel and Series Connections
11.2. Temperature and Inverter Start-up considerations
11.3. Use of Bypass diodes
11.4. Shading Effect 

12. PV System Operation
12.1. Installations
12.2. Operation and Maintenance
12.3. Economics of Power Plants, LCOE

Please contact  for more details


Duration 2 days
Member Fee RM 1,590.00
Non-Member Fee RM 1,924.00
PSMB Scheme
SMECorp Funding -

Price is inclusive of 6% GST

Course Enquiry

If you would like to register or enquire about this course, please contact us


Dates Venue
No scheduled classes